Hobbs Act robbery is not a qualifying predicate under either the Career Offender Guideline or the Armed Career Criminal Act (“ACCA”). But it does count under § 924(c). This is because it can be committed “by means of actual or threatened force, or violence, or fear of injury, immediate or future, to [someone’s] person or property.” 18 U.S.C. § 1951(b)(1).
The Guideline and ACCA
“Because Hobbs Act robbery can be committed by using force against persons or property, it reaches more broadly than the Career Offender Guideline’s elements clause, [U.S.S.G. § 4B1.2(a)(1),] which is limited to offenses using force against persons.” Nunez v. United States, 954 F.3d 465, 477 n.5 (2d Cir. 2020) (Raggi, J., concurring). For the same reason, the offense is beyond the reach of ACCA’s elements clause, which is also limited to “force against the person of another.” 18 U.S.C. § 924(e)(2)(B)(i).
Also because Hobbs …